Opportunistic infections are common in people with AIDS. HIV affects nearly every organ system. People with AIDS also have an increased risk of developing various cancers such as Kaposi’s sarcoma, cervical cancer and cancer of the immune system known as lymphoma.
AIDS is a very serious disease.
AIDS stands for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. AIDS is caused by a virus called HIV, Human Immunodeficiency Virus. AIDS can also be spread by sharing drug needles or through contact with the blood of an infected person. Women can give it to their babies during pregnancy or childbirth. The first signs of HIV infection may be swollen glands and flu-like symptoms. These may come and go a month or two after infection. Severe symptoms may not appear until months or years later. HIV is genetically varied and exists as distinct strains, leading to different rates of clinical disease progression. The stigma of HIV / AIDS is more severe than that associated with other life-threatening conditions and extends beyond illness.
Symptoms of AIDS are primarily the result of conditions that do not usually develop in individuals with healthy immune systems. Most of these conditions are infections caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites that are normally controlled by elements of the immune system that destroy HIV. Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) increase the risk of HIV transmission and infection because they cause disruption of the normal epithelial barrier by genital ulceration and / or microulceration.
There is currently no cure for HIV or AIDS.
Current treatments for HIV infection include highly active antiretroviral therapy, or HAART. Daily multivitamin and mineral supplements have been found to reduce HIV disease sequencing among men and women. Various forms of alternative medicine have been tried to treat symptoms or change the course of the disease. Reverse transcription inhibitor (RT) drugs interfere with a critical step during the HIV life cycle and keep the virus from reproducing. Protease inhibitor drugs interfere with the protein that HIV uses to produce infectious virus particles. Other drugs can prevent or treat opportunistic infections (OK). In most cases, these drugs work very well. The newer, more powerful AV has also helped reduce OI levels to a large extent.
Aids Treatment and Prevention Tips
1. Clean needles before use.
2. Do not have sex with prostitutes.
3. Do not share needles or syringes.
4. Get professional help to end a drug habit.
5. Antiretroviral treatment for HIV infection consists of drugs
6. Fusion inhibitors, such as enfuvirtide block the entry of HIV into cells.
7. Do not have sexual contact with anyone who has symptoms of AIDS.
8. Avoid having sex with anyone who has multiple and / or anonymous sexual partners.
9. Avoid sexual contact with anyone who has had sex with people who are at risk of developing AIDS.
10. Avoid oral, genital and anal contact with the partner’s blood, semen, vaginal secretions, feces or urine.